Jepara – China Yoga Netipot – Ent Medicals Disposables
In the sixteenth century, Jepara was an important port; in early 1513, its king, Yunnus led an attack against Portuguese Malacca. His force is said to have been made up of one hundred ships and 5000 men from Jepara and Palembang but was defeated. Between 1518 and 1521 he apparently ruled over Demak. The rule of Ratu (‘Queen’) Kalinyamat in the latter sixteenth century was, however, Jepara’s most influential. Jepara again attacked Malacca in 1551 this time with Johor but was defeated, and in 1574 besieged Malacca for three months.
It was the site of an English Fort in the 1600s. It is the birthplace of Indonesian national heroine Kartini.
The population is almost entirely Javanese and over 95% Muslim. In the 16th century, it was an independent kingdom, and was twice burned by the Dutch. As a pesisir (‘coastal’) area many traders from around the world landed in Jepara centuries ago. As a result, some of Jepara’s resident have at part European, Chinese, Arabs, Malay or Bugis ancestry.
The town is renowned its furniture industry. The production of teak furniture, employs approximately 80,000 people in the town, working in a large number of mainly small workshops. The trade has brought considerable prosperity to Jepara, well above the average for Central Java. Since there is a large export trade, the fall in the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar and other currencies has probably led to an increase in income for the [furniture makers].
Jepara is also well known for a distinct fruit named Durian Petruk.
^ Ricklefs, M.C. (1991). A History of Modern Indonesia since c.1300, 2nd Edition. London: MacMillan. p. 38. ISBN 0-333-57689-6.
Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia (7th edition). Melbourne: Lonely Planet. pp. 259260. ISBN 1-74059-154-2.
Jim Schiller’s Inside Indonesia article
Coordinates: 6320 110400 / 6.533333S 110.666667E / -6.533333; 110.666667
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Categories: Cities, towns and villages in Central Java | Java geography stubsHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007
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